The Artificial Realism of George Condo

Previous Story
Article Image

Transforming History: Antonio McAfee

Next Story
Article Image

Art Walk 2017: Top 20

George Condo: The Way I Think at The Phillips Collection by Brendan L. Smith

George Condo may not be a household name, but his artwork looks both familiar and unique.

“The only way for me to feel the difference between every other artist and me is to use every artist to become me,” Condo has said.

His work pays tribute to Picasso, Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, and Francis Bacon, but Condo has developed a signature style that explores our panoply of psychological states, ranging from humor and overt sexuality to our darker impulses mired in dark pits of fear and loathing.

While Condo is more well-known as a prolific painter, the Phillips Collection has amassed approximately 200 drawings, sketches, and sketchbooks along with some “drawing paintings” in George Condo: The Way I Think. The exhibition—on view until June 25 in The Phillips Collection—offers an expansive view of the 59-year-old artist’s work which blurs the lines between representation and abstraction. Condo embraces the grotesque and comical, reveling in a distorted carnival mirror of life where his reflections confound our expectations.

The Wedding Pianist (from sketchbook)

Condo has led a fascinating life, finding himself at the intersection of major art movements. He was a studio assistant in Andy Warhol’s factory in the 1970s, befriended fellow New York artists Jean-Michel Basquiat and Keith Haring, and moved to Paris in the 1980s. He collaborated with unhinged author William S. Burroughs in the 1990s and painted several different cover illustrations for Kanye West’s My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy album in 2010.

The final cover featured West having sex with a weird nude armless angel/phoenix/demoness adorned with white wings, feathered legs, and a polka-dotted tail. West claimed the album was banned in Wal-Mart, but that may have been the goal given his penchant for publicity stunts. Just ask Taylor Swift, Jay Z, or North when he gets a little older.

Condo pays homage to Picasso to an almost obsessive degree, and he coined the phrases “psychological cubism” and “artificial realism” to describe his own work. “Picasso painted a violin from four different perspectives at one time,” Condo said. “I do the same with psychological states.”

Double Heads Drawing

Several drawings in the exhibition, including a series called Double Heads Drawing, feature Picasso-esque portraits with faces emerging from a fractured maze of Cubist planes while uneven oversized eyes angle down toward maniacal grins. The work isn’t compelling because it looks too familiar. We know what to expect because we’ve seen it before, and while it was revolutionary in Picasso’s time, it just seems derivative now.

Condo’s work branches out more effectively into aspects of Surrealism, Abstract Expressionism, and Pop Art in his own definitively weird stew. Some portraits and swirling scenes portray conflicting desires and uneasy psychological landscapes. In The Discarded Human, a beautiful nude woman’s body morphs sharply at her shoulders with a dislocated and darkened head. Only one menacing eye and two sharp rows of teeth emerge from the inky shadows. Her visage is both repulsive and attractive, combining lust, fear, and dread in a primordial soup of raw emotions.

Some of Condo’s sketches are displayed salon style from floor to ceiling, including some detailed drawings of dinosaurs inked in bright red or lime green when Condo was 7-years-old in the 1960s. In the center of another room, more than 100 sketchbooks are stacked in rows under glass, creating a sense of mystery about their contents. Only a few are opened to reveal pages inside. One note dated Aug. 27 with no year includes just one cryptic sentence: “I feel better than I have ever felt in my life.”

A 2009 graphite and colored pencil drawing titled Study for the Fallen Butler is a fascinating example of how a painting can transcend its conception. The drawing shows a debauched scene with a drunk tuxedoed butler slumped on the floor while raising his champagne glass toward the nude bottom of a woman bending over in a French maid costume. Drawn curtains behind them reveal a painting of rolling green hills beneath a cloudy sky. The setting may be a stately home while the master is away or the stage of a bawdy theatrical production, but the artifice is real, as Condo would say.

It’s difficult to compare the study for The Fallen Butler to the grand painting that followed because they aren’t located near each other in the exhibition. They aren’t even on the same floor in The Phillips Collection. Two rooms of Condo’s drawings and sketches are effectively displayed on the ground floor, but visitors then must consult a map, climb a flight of stairs, and walk past other exhibitions to find six of Condo’s large paintings shoehorned into a small claustrophobic room next to the restrooms. The inclusion of the paintings seems like an afterthought in the bifurcated exhibition or a strange curatorial decision to downplay the paintings because the exhibition’s theme focuses on Condo’s drawings.

The Fallen Butler

The Fallen Butler is worth seeing despite the location. The painting, on loan from the Museum of Modern Art, bears only a passing resemblance to the study as it transforms from a comical over-the-top scene toward a more vivid, subtle abstraction. The butler, or part of him, is still visible hoisting a large green bottle, but most of the maid has disappeared into the jumbled background except for a disjointed head with glaring eyes perched atop an elongated neck. Other small floating faces peek out from a patchwork quilt of colors that threatens to overwhelm the main characters. While the title references only the butler, the painting is an ensemble performance.

Another highlight is Spanish Head Composition which combines elements of painting, drawing and collage. A central figure has a scribbled Picasso-esque face on a painted body with a wide-brimmed hat and a swirling shirt with a clownish collar. He is surrounded by small portraits on paper that have been affixed to the canvas. The drawings vary in style and complexity, ranging the gamut from more representational to abstract. Some of the portraits appear to be studies for the large central figure, and the inclusion of the preparatory drawings in the final work offers a fascinating time line or view of roads not taken.

Spanish Head Composition


Brendan L. Smith is a freelance journalist and mixed-media artist in Washington, D.C.

George Condo: The Way I Think will be on view at The Phillips Collection through June 25.  


Related Stories
A New Group Exhibition from Curator Fabiola R. Delgado Looks Beyond the Numbers on Migration

The ten artists on view in Between, Through, Across represent a diverse, intergenerational, multicultural group of creators with unique backgrounds, styles, and visions—each of whom have their own personal take on the subject of migration.

June and July Exhibitions in the Baltimore Region that Experiment, Collaborate, and Defy Expectations

Megan Lewis at Galerie Myrtis, Fragment(ed)ing at Zo Gallery, Transmission at School 33 Art Center, Nick Wisniewski at Swann House, Here in this Little Bay at the Kreeger Museum, Reflect & Remix at The Walters, and Preoccupied: Indigenizing the Museum at the BMA

An exhibit where theories pale in the bright light of unabashed enthusiasm.

Reflex & Remix at the Walters emphasizes the importance of artistic connections across genres and time.

Dinos Chapman and Jason Yates Two-Person Show at von ammon co. is a Grotesque Dirge for Consumer Kitsch

The eerie convergence of fantasy and reality in Too Little Too Late, which closes Sunday, June 16th, offers a darkly humorous framework within which to dissect American culture and its apparent decline.